What Is Leukemia?
Leukemia or AML (acute myelogenous leukemia) is critical and abnormal increase in white blood cells of our body. in a broad term for cancers of the blood cells. as Generally our body white blood cells are important for our immunity because those fights with various infections and makes our body internally strong,
But in AML disease our bone marrow abnormally produces additional white blood cells which don’t functions properly. in a young adult generally white blood cells ranges from 4500 to 11000 WBC’s per microliter but whatever increase in white blood cell count above this range can be considered as leukocytosis and this count can increase from 1,00,000 to 4,00,000 WBC’s PER Microliter. White blood cells forms a clot of dead white blood cells and this lowers a human immunity and invite infections and rise risk of diseases and infections
How to Classify leukemia
leukemia is classify based on its speed of Spread and the type of cells involvement.
The first type of the leukemia as per its its progression fast or slow speed:
In acute leukemia, the abnormal blood cells are immature blood cells or can also called as a dead blood cells. They can’t carry out their normal functions and also they multiplies rapidly, so the diseased patient condition worsens very quickly. Acute disease requires an immediate and extensive nature treatment on
this Chronic disease stage. There are many types of chronic leukemias. Some produce too many cells and some cause too few cells to be produced. Chronic disease involves more-mature blood cells. These blood cells replicate or accumulate very slowly and can function normally for a period of time. Few forms of chronic disease initially don’t show any early symptoms and remain unnoticed / undetected for few years.
The second type of classification is by type of white blood cell affected:
In this type of leukemia, the lymphoid cells, form’s lymphoid or lymphatic tissue’s. Those Lymphatic tissue’s affects human immune system.
In this type of leukemia, the Myeloid cells rise red blood cells, white blood cells and platelet-producing cells.
Types of leukemia
The major types of leukemia are:
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). This is the most common mostly found in young children. ALL can also occur in adults.
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). AML is a common type of disease. It occurs in children and adults. AML is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). With CLL, the most common chronic disease adult , in which a person may feel well for years without needing treatment.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). In this type it mainly affects to adult’s. A person with CML may have very few or no visible symptoms for few months or a years before entering a critical phase, in which the leukemia cells grow more quickly.
Other types. Other, rarer types of disease exist, including hairy cell leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes and myeloproliferative disorder.
Thre are few other things which increase’s risk of developing leukemia include:
Previous or current ongoing cancer treatment:
People who are facing certain types of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for other cancers, may have an increased risk of developing certain types of leukemia.
Genetic abnormalities seem to play a role in the development of such disease.
Certain genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, are associated with an increased risk of leukemia.
Exposure to certain chemicals:
Exposure to certain chemicals, such as benzene — which is found in gasoline and is used by the chemical industry — is linked to an increased risk of some kinds of leukemia.
Smoking: Smoking cigarettes increases the risk of acute myelogenous leukemia.
Family history of leukemia.
If any one of members of your family tree have been diagnosed with AML, then due to genetical reason there is a risk of the disease can be found in other members also.
However, most people with low risk factors don’t get this disease. And also few patient with AML can have different health conditions than above.
What are the initial stage Leukemia Symptoms
Different types of leukemia can cause different types of signs in patient on the early stages. But when anybody have below symptoms, this can be AML:
- continuous Weakness or fatigue issue
- Discomfort in left lower ribs including swelling
- Sudden Bruising or bleeding easily
- Fever or chills
- Infections coming continuously
- Joint or Bone’s Pain
- Nausea / Vomiting
- Swollen armpit, neck or groin
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
- Shortness of breath
- Swollen lymph nodes or spleen
How does the leukemia disease infect a person?
Leukemia, there is no exact reason found as of today in medical science which can cause AML, but it is basically a body disorder which impacted through disbalancing inside our bone marrow which controls on blood cells production in our body.
1] Leukemia can happen due to smoke, continuous exposure of radiation and chemicals like benzine.
2] Genetic disorders
3] Family leukemia history
4] adverse impact of chemotherapy or radiation therapy during general cancer treatment.
Above can be few reasons for leukemia, but the main reason is still unanswered.
How doctors diagnose leukemia
Doctors do following tests to diagnose leukemia
1] CBC Test or Complete Blood count is one test where doctors can detect the abnormal change in each type of your blood cells then its normal limit normal limit is 4500 to 11000 WBC’s
2] Bone Marrow Biopsy is a test in which bone marrow is taken from your pelvic spine bone with the help of needle, this test can exactly tells the infection of AML in your body.
3] other tests such as PET scan, CT Scan & MRI Can also helps in spotting AML signs in your body.
First of all our healthy body is an initial treatment on any immunity based disease such as leukemia, but there are few proven treatments in medical science for the disease.
Stem cell transplant
Blood transplant is a routine therapy followed by medical experts for leukemia patients, it can be required in sever cases more than the mild cases.
How to take care of a leukemia affected person
1] Out understanding of a problem and care a person is always important during critical AML.
2] Physical exercise and balanced dieting care is also to be take of a leukemia patient as per the guidance of doctor.
3] PICC Line or peripheral vain line care is also important during AML patient when longer time treatment is going on and this can cause pain, swelling and redness at that place.
4] lowering chemotherapy impact on body is essential for a leukemia patient under chemo treatment, and hence good hydration and essential to followed by giving patient a plenty of water, energy natural drinks, energy bar’s, energy popsicles etc. after frequent intervals.
5] patient day planning plays an important role in early and comfortable recovery of a leukemia patient. starting a well planned treatment schedule, healthy lifestyle and on time medication is very beneficial for AML patient for early and less painful recovery.
We hope you will know more about leukemia through our above articles, Our periodic blood donation can save life of a AML patient and hence it is important for every person to regularly donate his blood after frequent intervals. Such as after every three Months an average person can donate blood. Our blood and platelets donation can give few more days to live to a AML patient, which is itself a noble job.
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