Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to treat severe aortic stenosis. Aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve, which is the valve that allows blood to flow from the heart to the rest of the body.
In TAVI, a new valve is implanted through a small incision in the groin. The new valve is then positioned in the aortic valve and expanded using a balloon. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
TAVI is a good option for people who are not eligible for open-heart surgery or who have a high risk of complications from open-heart surgery. TAVI has been shown to be effective in improving the quality of life and survival rates for people with severe aortic stenosis.
Benefits of TAVI
The benefits of TAVI include:
- Less invasive than open-heart surgery
- Shorter recovery time
- Lower risk of complications
- Same long-term survival rates as open-heart surgery
Risks of TAVI
The risks of TAVI include:
- Heart rhythm problems
Who is a candidate for TAVI?
People who may be candidates for TAVI include:
- People who are not eligible for open-heart surgery
- People who have a high risk of complications from open-heart surgery
- People who are too sick to undergo open-heart surgery
- People who have a short life expectancy
How is TAVI performed?
TAVI is performed under general anesthesia. The procedure usually takes about 2 hours.
The first step is to make a small incision in the groin. A catheter is then inserted into the incision and threaded through the blood vessels to the heart.
A balloon-tipped catheter is then used to enlarge the opening in the aortic valve. The new valve is then threaded through the catheter and positioned in the aortic valve. The new valve is then expanded using a balloon.
The catheter and other instruments are then removed. The incision is closed with stitches or staples.
Recovery from TAVI
Most people who have TAVI are able to go home the same day or the day after the procedure.
You may need to stay in the hospital for a few days if you have any complications.
It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions after TAVI. You will need to take antibiotics and blood thinners for several weeks.
You may also need to limit your physical activity for a few weeks.
Talk to your doctor about TAVI
If you have severe aortic stenosis, talk to your doctor about Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation or TAVR or also called as TAVI. TAVI may be a good option for you if you are not eligible for open-heart surgery or if you have a high risk of complications from open-heart surgery.
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