Type 2 diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use glucose for energy. Glucose is a type of sugar found in the blood.
If you have diabetes, too much glucose builds up in your blood. Over time, this can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney disease.
The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Some of the risk factors and cause for type 2 diabetes includes:
- Age: Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you get older.
- Weight: Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
- Family history: If you have a family history of type 2 diabetes, you are at increased risk of developing the condition.
- Race or ethnicity: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than Caucasian Americans.
- Physical activity: People who are physically inactive are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Certain medications: Some medications, such as steroids, can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
If you have any of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes, it is important to talk to your doctor about your risk. There are things you can do to lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly.
Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes:
There is no sure way to prevent diabetes type 2, but there are things you can do to lower your risk. These include:
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can help lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Eat a healthy diet: A healthy diet for diabetes includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It is also important to limit processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats.
- Exercise regularly: Exercise helps your body use insulin more effectively. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
- Get regular checkups: If you have any of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes, it is important to talk to your doctor about your risk. Your doctor can test you for diabetes and recommend ways to lower your risk.
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