cardiomyopathy - heart disease in youngsters
cardiomyopathy - heart disease in youngsters

is cardiomyopathy the true reason behind heart attacks in young adults?

Heart disease and sudden cardiac arrests are today’s major problem against the entire world. As, per the report published by WHF – World Health Federation in the year 2021, the Global cardiovascular disease / cardiomyopathy death toll increased up to 20.5 million.

Major death tolls due to heart attack and cardiovascular disease is in Russian federation, Europe and Australia.

India also found major increase in death toll, as per health research published in the year 2021 due to heart disease in last 3 years 219, 2020 & 2021 average death toll rises in India above 28000/- per year. and this is serious.

And if you see above numbers the from the age of 18 to 30 and 30 to 45 shows the young & young adults are majorly falling pray of this disease.

You will not surprise to know that various types of cardiomyopathies are behind the sudden strokes and heart attacks in the young adults.

More about Cardiovascular diseases:

Cardiovascular disease includes coronary heart disease, stroke and other forms such as cardiomyopathy and heart and vascular diseases.

What is the reason of cardiovascular disease increase?

Firstly, cardiac stroke may also occur due to various known and unknown reasons and more research is still in progress.

Few known reasons of cardiovascular diseases as below

1] Increase in Smoking habits: Numbers Smokers are increasing in many countries; excessive smoking can cause damage to lungs and block the heart Vains which results in a stroke

2] High blood pressure: High blood pressure is a lifestyle disease, and this may be the reason of improved stroke numbers in many developed countries.

3] High blood cholesterol: due to decrease in diet balancing and increased cholesterol and fat-based food intake may be the reason of increased heart disease rates.

4] High weight: due to less body movement, busy lifestyle and changed eating habits fat and weight increase cases are increasing day by day.

5] Lack of Meditation and Exercise: Due to pressurized work conditions and lack of awareness towards meditation and regular exercises people are affected with heart diseases.

6] Food Quality: Decrease in food quality due to mass production is hampering the food quality which we are eating resulting in low immunity and cardiac diseases.

7] Use of Chemicals in food products: while harvesting farmers are using harmful chemicals to enhance the immunity of crop. The excessive use of the farm chemicals is affecting the quality of final farm products and invites health issues.

What is cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is a disease in which weakened heart muscle create difficulty for the heart to pump blood effectively. There are many different types of cardiomyopathies, each with its own cause and symptoms.

Some of the most common types of cardiomyopathy include:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy: This is the most common type of cardiomyopathy. It causes the heart chambers to enlarge and become weak.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: This type of cardiomyopathy causes the heart walls to thicken.
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy: This type of cardiomyopathy makes the heart muscle stiff and unable to relax properly.
  • Peripartum cardiomyopathy: This type of cardiomyopathy occurs in women shortly after giving birth.

The symptoms of cardiomyopathy can vary depending on the type of cardiomyopathy and how severe it is. Some common symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Chest pain

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, then immediately visit a doctor to get a diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment for cardiomyopathy depends on the type of cardiomyopathy and how severe it is. Some common treatments include:

  • Medications: These can help to control symptoms and improve heart function.
  • Surgery: This may be necessary to repair or replace a damaged heart valve.
  • Heart transplant: So, this may be an option if other treatments are not successful.

With treatment, many people with cardiomyopathy can live long and healthy lives. However, it is important to monitor the condition closely and make lifestyle changes. The changes like eating healthy diet, exercising regularly and quitting smoking can help to prevent further damage to the heart.

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Prashant V