Bleeding gums are a common problem that can affect people of all ages. They are caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar. Tartar can irritate the gums and lead to inflammation.
Causes of Bleeding Gums:
The main cause of bleeding gums is poor oral hygiene. If you do not brush and floss your teeth regularly, plaque can build up on your teeth. This can lead to inflammation and bleeding gums.
Other causes of bleeding gums include:
- Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease is a serious gum infection that can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth. This can lead to bleeding, sensitivity, and tooth loss.
- Pregnancy: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make gums more susceptible to bleeding.
- Medications: Some medications, such as those used to treat cancer, can cause dry mouth, which can increase the risk of bleeding gums.
- Systemic diseases: Some systemic diseases, such as diabetes and leukemia, can increase the risk of bleeding gums.
- Trauma: Trauma to the gums, such as from a blow to the mouth, can also cause bleeding gums.
Treatment for Bleeding Gums:
The best way to treat bleeding gums is to improve your oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time. You should also see your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.
If you have bleeding gums, your dentist may recommend a number of other treatments, including:
- Scaling and root planing: This is a procedure that removes plaque, tartar, and calculus from the teeth and root surfaces.
- Gum grafting: This is a procedure that involves moving tissue from another part of the mouth to the area where the gums have receded.
- Periodontal surgery: This is a more invasive procedure that is used to correct more advanced cases of gum disease.
Bleeding gums is a common problem that can be easily treated with good oral hygiene and regular dental checkups. If you have bleeding gums, it is important to see your dentist to rule out any underlying medical conditions. With proper treatment, you can prevent further gum disease and protect your teeth and gums.
Here are some additional tips for maintaining good gum health:
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss at least once a day.
- See your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.
- Avoid tobacco use.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Manage stress.
By following these tips, you can help to keep your gums healthy and your teeth strong.
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