Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection that can be life-threatening. It is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which is found in the feces of infected people. The bacteria can be spread through contaminated food and water, or through contact with an infected person’s feces. Let’s know more about typhoid symptoms.
The symptoms of typhoid fever typically start 7-14 days after exposure to the bacteria. They may include:
- Rose-colored spots on the chest and abdomen
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach pain
If you think you may have typhoid fever, it is important to see a doctor right away. The infection can be treated with antibiotics, but it is important to start treatment early to prevent serious complications.
Complications of typhoid fever
If typhoid fever is not treated, it can lead to serious complications, including:
- Heart problems
- Bleeding in the stomach or intestines
- Liver failure
- Kidney failure
- Septicemia (blood poisoning)
How is typhoid fever diagnosed?
Typhoid fever is diagnosed by a blood test. The test looks for antibodies to the Salmonella typhi bacteria. A stool sample may also be taken to look for the bacteria.
How is typhoid fever treated?
Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics. The most commonly used antibiotic is chloramphenicol. Other antibiotics that may be used include ampicillin, ceftriaxone, and azithromycin.
How can I prevent typhoid fever?
The best way to prevent typhoid fever is to avoid contaminated food and water. If you are traveling to a country where typhoid fever is common, you should get vaccinated. You should also take precautions to avoid contact with the feces of infected people. These precautions include:
- Washing your hands frequently with soap and water
- Avoiding swimming in contaminated water
- Not drinking untreated water
- Avoiding eating raw fruits and vegetables
- Cooking food thoroughly
If you have any questions or concerns about typhoid fever, please talk to your doctor.
We hope above article helps our readers to identify and on time treat the typhoid symptoms to safeguard from further critical health issues.
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