Diabetes is today most threated and called as a lifestyle disease, so let’s know more about it with below Define diabetes Cause of diabetes and Complications of Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
- Type 1 diabetes: In type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use glucose for energy. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to manage their blood sugar levels.
- Type 2 diabetes: In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin the way it should. This can cause your blood sugar levels to rise. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes
The exact cause of diabetes is unknown, but there are a number of factors that can increase your risk of developing the condition, including:
- Family history: If you have a family history of diabetes, you’re more likely to develop the condition.
- Age: Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you get older.
- Weight: Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
- Race and ethnicity: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than Caucasian Americans.
- Physical activity: People who are physically inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Pregnancy: Women who have gestational diabetes (diabetes that develops during pregnancy) are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Complications of Diabetes
If you have diabetes, you’re at risk for a number of serious complications, including:
- Heart disease: Diabetes can increase your risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems.
- Eye problems: Diabetes can damage your eyes and lead to vision loss.
- Kidney disease: Diabetes can damage your kidneys and lead to kidney failure.
- Nerve damage: Diabetes can damage your nerves and lead to pain, numbness, and tingling.
- Foot problems: Diabetes can damage your feet and lead to infections, ulcers, and even amputation.
- Dementia: Diabetes may increase your risk of developing dementia, a type of brain disease.
There is no sure way to prevent diabetes, but there are a number of things you can do to reduce your risk, including:
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you’re overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Get regular physical activity: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity most days of the week.
- Eat a healthy diet: Choose foods that are low in saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and sodium. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Stop smoking: Smoking increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Control blood pressure: High blood pressure increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Control cholesterol: High cholesterol increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
If you have any concerns about your risk of developing diabetes, talk to your doctor. They can help you assess your risk and develop a plan to reduce it.
Now we hope our readers are well aware about Define diabetes Cause of diabetes and Complications of Diabetes.
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To know more about standards of diabetes care, refer below very interesting YouTube video.