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Diabetes is today most threated and called as a lifestyle disease, so let’s know more about it with below Define diabetes, Cause of diabetes and Complications of Diabetes

Define Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy.

There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

  • Type 1 diabetes: In type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use glucose for energy. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to manage their blood sugar levels.
  • Type 2 diabetes: In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin the way it should. This can cause your blood sugar levels to rise. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.

Causes of Diabetes

The exact cause of diabetes is unknown, but there are a number of factors that can increase your risk of developing the condition, including:

  • Family history: If you have a family history of diabetes, you’re more likely to develop the condition.
  • Age: Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you get older.
  • Weight: Being over weight is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
  • Race and ethnicity: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than Caucasian Americans.
  • Physical activity: People who are physically inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
  • Pregnancy: Women who have gestational diabetes (diabetes that develops during pregnancy) are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Complications of Diabetes

If you have diabetes, you’re at risk for a number of serious complications, including:

  • Heart disease: Diabetes can increase your risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems.
  • Eye problems: Diabetes can damage your eyes and lead to vision loss.
  • Kidney disease: Diabetes can damage your kidneys and lead to kidney failure.
  • Nerve damage: Diabetes can damage your nerves and lead to pain, numbness, and tingling.
  • Foot problems: Diabetes can damage your feet and lead to infections, ulcers, and even amputation.
  • Dementia: Diabetes may increase your risk of developing dementia, a type of brain disease.

Preventing Diabetes

There is no sure way to prevent diabetes, but there are a number of things you can do to reduce your risk, including:

  • Maintain a healthy weight: If you’re over weight, reducing even a small amount of weight can help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Get regular physical activity: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity most days of the week.
  • Eat a healthy diet: Choose foods that are low in saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and sodium. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Stop smoking: Smoking increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Control blood pressure: High blood pressure increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Control cholesterol: High cholesterol increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

If you have any concerns about your risk of developing diabetes, talk to your doctor. They can help you assess your risk and develop a plan to reduce it.

Now we hope our readers are well aware about Define diabetes Cause of diabetes and Complications of Diabetes.

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